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चेतावनी सामूहिक भीड़ हिंसा व Lynching पर उत्तराखण्ड पुलिस सख्त

Guidelines For Public

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PERSONAL SAFETY TIPS FOR WOMEN AT HOME  

  1. Women who live alone should list only their last names and initials on their mailboxes and in the telephone directory.
  2. Always keep the door locked, even if you are at home and even if you leave the house for just a few minutes.
  3. Never open the door automatically after a knock, Ensure that strangers have identified themselves properly before allowing them to enter, Utilize a peep-hole (magic-eye) to verify identification.
  4. Leave the light on over the door which you will be using to enter at night. Have your key ready so that the door may be opened immediately.
  5. Close curtains at night.
  6. Never admit over the phone or to strangers that you will be alone at home.
  7. Lifts: If you live in an apartment building where you know most of the residents and find your self in the lobby with a stranger, let him take the lift first and wait for it to return for you. If you are on the lift and someone’s presence makes you uneasy, get the control panel. If someone attacks, hit the alarm button and press as many buttons as you can so that lift will stop at any of several floors.
  8. If a stranger requests the use of your phone, do not let him enter your apartment. Place the call for him instead.
  9. If you return home and detect evidence that someone as broken in to your domicile, do not enter the premises and do not scream. Proceed to the closest neighbor's house and phone and police from there.

FOR FREQUENT FEMALE TRAVELERS  

  1. The above recommendations apply to men and women equally. However a few additional suggestions are advisory for women.
  2. Travel on well-lit streets and keep your purse out of sight.
  3. If you have car trouble in a dark area, lock yourself in and await the arrival of the police.
  4. If a stranger stops to give you assistance do not get out of the car.
  5. Ask the person to call for help.
  6. Do not stop & offer help to stranded motorist.
  7. If you suspect that someone is following you, drive to the police station or police picket.
  8. Women are urged not to ask for lift under any circumstances.
  9. Never pick up a person asking for lift. 

FOUR WHEELER SAFETY

  1.  Always Double lock your car when entering or leaving it.
  2. Mark your car radio and other removable car equipment for identification.
  3. Utilize a locking switch lock.
  4. Never leave valuables such as cheque books, credit cards, etc, unattended in your car. Lock all valuables in the trunk.
  5. Park in a well-lit and busy area.
  6. Carry your vehicle registration with you. A thief can use your registration to show "legal" possession of your car.
  7. Report suspicious actions, someone peering in to every parked car on the street, someone forcing a vent window or removing gasoline or, license plates.
  8. Check the back seat before getting into the car.

FOR A CHILD'S  DO'S & DON'TS

  1.  Never run errands for strangers, even for money.
  2. Never accept candy money or gifts from a stranger, or an invitation to a movie, etc.
  3. Never get in to a car with a stranger for any reason.
  4. Never Hitch-Hike.
  5. If a stranger attempts to coax you into a car, yell and run, then write down the license number from a safe distance, or scratch it in the dirt. Then tell your parents teacher or a policemen.
  6. If a friend gets in to a car with a stranger, even if you have warned him not to, write down the license number and tell a policeman, your parents or teacher right away.
  7. Make sure that your parents always know you are and who you are with.
  8. When collecting for charities, always travel in groups of two or more, and never go inside a stranger’s house.
  9. Teach your children their full names, address and telephone No.
  10. Tell them never to admit to being home alone on the phone or to someone at the door.
  11. Instruct children to look out for each other and tell you when something unusual or suspicious happens.
  12. Report suspicious individuals or vehicles lurking in areas where children play to the police.
  13. Ask a trusted neighbor to provide sanctuary for your children should any threat or emergency arise while you are away from home. Offer to do same for them.
  14. Every child should know that police are friends be able to recognize the uniform and know that a policeman will be receptive if the child is lost or frightened.
  15. Children should be encouraged to play with friends and never in isolated areas or vacant buildings.
  16. Parents should always know where their children are.
  17. Parents should ensure that baby-sitters are known and can be trusted. 

SCHOOLS MUST ADOPT 

  1. Never release a child to anyone but the parents without telephone in the parent or guardian for approval.
  2. If a parent phones to ask for early release of a child, confirm the caller’s identity. Call the parents back at their home number listed in the schools records.
  3. If the call is being made away from home, determine authenticity be questioning the caller on details of the child.
  4. Make sure all visitors check in to the office and have staff watch for unknown persons in the building. 

YOU MUST REMEMBER WHILE MOVING ON VACATION 

  1. Cancel all home deliveries of mail, newspapers, milk, etc.
  2. Arrange to have your lawn cut and garden watered during your absence.
  3. Do not leave notes for the paperboy, milkman, etc which would leave close as to your absence.
  4. Do not advertise your plan for a vacation.
  5. Notify a trusted neighbour of your plans and leave a key with him or her.
  6. Be sure all tools and ladders are out of sight.
  7. Leave your drapes open. Closed drapes would conceal a burglar from view of your neighbours.
  8. Turn your telephone down to its lowest level as a ringing telephone is an indication that no one is home.
  9. Do not pack your car the night before leaving on you vacation. Have everything ready so that you can load the car before leaving in the morning. This should be done as quickly as possible so that strangers in the neighbourhood will not have a chance to observe you and see that the home will be vacant.
  10. Before leaving check to ensure that all doors and windows are secured.
  11. Be sure that garage is locked. Garages contain tools, which would assist a burglar in break-ins. As well, once inside the garage, the thief would have ample privacy to do his business. 

REQUEST TO YOUR NEIGHBOUR FOR 

  1. Remove throw away papers from your doorstep during your absence.
  2. Rearrange the positions of interior draperies from time to time.
  3. Notify the police if they detect anything suspicious stranger around the house, enquiring strangers: etc. 

Senior Citizen Safety 

  1. Majority of the offences committed by the persons are known to the victim's - servant, watchman, craftsman etc.
  2. Database of elderly people staying alone in the jurisdictions of various Police Stations is generally incomplete due to poor response.
  3. Servant's information is not provided to Police.  

Uttarakhand Police, with the help of Dignity Foundation, AGNI (Action for Good Governance and Networking in India) and Federation of Senior Citizens Organisation of Uttarakhand, is making efforts in motivating Senior Citizens in this regard.

DO'S AND DON'TS FOR YOU

Employ a servant after verifying his real name, native address with the help of the nearest Police Station or through the security wardens of Dignity Foundation and AGNI 

  1. Never discuss financial matters in front of your servant.
  2. It is always safe to deposit your valuables in safe deposit vault of any Bank.
  3. Treat your servant in a humane way.
  4. Do not allow any of the relatives or friends of your servant to visit your house. If at all he has any frequent visitor, get his antecedents checked from police and try to keep the number of such persons.
  5. Make your neighbour know of you being staying alone. The Housing Society also needs to know this.
  6. Use of modern security gadgets is always advantageous. Door alarm, electronic eye bell etc. is available in market.
  7. Install a peephole in your front door and always check the identification of strangers before you let them inside your home.
  8. Never leave spare keys in open or in the conventional hiding places.
  9. Verify the identity of any repairman. Use the telephone number listed in the phone book.
  10. Inform your society about the unacquainted visitors, so that their identity could be checked at the entrance gate of the society.
  11. A well-designed electronic alarm system attached to the office of your Housing-Society or to the watchman’s cabin would be advisable so as to send alarm signals to all simultaneously.
  12. When you admit a workman or a salesman, do not leave him alone at any time. 

Cyber Security 

  1. Cyber security standards are security standards which enable organizations to practice safe security techniques to minimize the number of successful cyber security attacks.
  2. Cyber security refers to the technologies and processes designed to protect computers, networks and data from unauthorized access, vulnerabilities and attacks delivered via the Internet by cyber criminals.
  3. Though, cyber security is important for network, data and application security.
  4. Communication security-protecting organization communication media, technology, and content.
  5. Network security-is the protection of networking components, connection and content.
  6. Information security-protection of information and its critical elements, including the systems and hardware that use, store or transmit that information.

Cyber Crime

  1. The former descriptions were "computer crime", "computer-related crime" or "crime by computer". With the pervasion of digital technology, some new terms like "high-technology" or "information-age" crime were added to the definition. Also, Internet brought other new terms, like "cybercrime" and "net" crime.
  2. Other forms include "digital", "electronic", "virtual", "IT", "high-tech" and technology-enabled" crime.
  3. It is a criminal activity committed on the internet.
  4. Cyber Crime-Where computer is either a tool or target or both.

Cyber Crimes Includes

  1. Illegal access.
  2. Illegal Interception.
  3. System Interference.
  4. Data Interference.
  5. Misuse of devices.
  6. Fraud.

Advantage of cyber security

  1. It will defend from hacks and virus.
  2. The application of cyber security used in our PC needs update every week.
  3. The security developers will update their database every week once. Hence the new virus also deleted.

Safety Measures

  1. Read Privacy policy carefully when you submit the data through internet.
  2. Encryption: lots of website uses SSL (secure socket layer)to encrypt a data.
  3. Disable remote connectivity.
  4. Use antivirus software.Ensure that your virus definitions are up to date and run anti-virus.
  5. Install and use a firewall, pop-up blocker.
  6. Assignment of computer to a particular person with password protection in offices. Install the firewall and maintain the logs of firewall.  Preservation of evidence (logs/received emails in question etc.) Disconnect from internet when not in use.
  7. Habitually download security protection update patches & Keep your browser and operating system up to date.  Never share photographs in compromise positions.  Make the wireless network invisible by disabling identifier broadcasting.  Encrypt the network traffic.
  8. Change administrator’s password from the default password. If the wireless network does not have a default password, create one and use it to protect the network.
  9. Uninstall unnecessary software.
  10. Make Backups of Important Files and Folders to protect important files and records on your computer if your computer malfunctions or is destroyed by a successful attacker.
  11. Check security settings.
  12. Use secure connection.
  13. Open attachments carefully.
  14. Use strong passwords- Easy to remember and difficult to guess type password. Use alphanumeric and special characters in your password. The length of password should be as long as possible (More than 8 characters).
  15. Be extremely wary of spam legitimate looking email asking for confidential information. Never ever click on the link given in the spam email.  Always delete spam emails immediately and empty the trash box to prevent accidental clicking on the same link.
  16. Beware of promises to make fast profits. Be cautious of exaggerated claims of possible earnings or profits.  Beware of lotteries that charge a fee prior to delivery of your prize.  Contact the actual business that supposedly sent the email to verify if the email is genuine.  Beware of references given by the promoter.
  17. Don’t give personal information to anyone unless required.
  18. The only system which is truly secure is one which is switched off and unplugged.
  19. So, only way to be safe is Pay attention and Act smart.

New Age Cyber Crimes

  1. Credit card frauds.
  2. Cyber pornography.
  3. Sale of illegal articles- narcotics, weapons, wildlife.
  4. Online gambling.
  5. Intellectual Property crimes- software piracy, copyright infringement, trademarks violations, theft of computer source code.
  6. Email spoofing.
  7. Forgery.
  8. Defamation.
  9. Cyber stalking (Section 509 IPC)
  10. Phising.
  11. Cyber terrorism.

Other Types of Cyber Crimes

  1. Hacking.
  2. Information Theft.
  3. E-Mail bombing.
  4. Salami attacks- web jacking.
  5. Denial of service attacks.
  6. Trojan attacks.

Training in New Age Crimes

  1. Awareness about different Cyber crimes by organizing workshops and training programmes.
  2. Use of VPN (Virtual Private Network).
  3. Knowledge of Dark Web- TOR Browser etc.

ATM/Credit Usage

DO’s

  1. Install and use a firewall, Pop-up blocker and spyware detector. Ensure that your virus definitions are up to date and run anti-virus and spyware detector/cleaners regularly.
  2. Make Backups of Important Files and Folders to protest important files and records on your computer if your computer malfunctions or is destroyed by a successful attacker?
  3. Use strong passwords- Easy to remember and difficult to guess type password. Use alphanumeric and special characters in your password. The length of password should be as long as possible (More than 8 characters).
  4. Assignment of computer a particular person with password protection in offices. Install the firewall and maintain the logs of firewall. Preservation of evidence (logs/received emails in question etc). Disconnect from internet when not in use.
  5. Habitually download security protection update patches& Keep your browser and operating system up to date. Never share photographs in compromise positions. Make the wireless network invisible by disabling identifier broadcasting. Encrypt the network traffic.
  6. Change administrator’s password from the default password. If the wireless network does not have a default password, create one and use it to protect the network.
  7. Disable file sharing on computers. Turn off the network during extended periods of non-use, etc.
  8. Avoid online banking, shopping, entering credit card details, etc if network is not properly secured.
  9. Check your online account frequently and make sure all listed transactions are valid Use a variety of passwords, not same for all of your account.
  10. Be extremely wary of spam legitimate looking email asking for confidential information. Never ever click on the link given in the spam email. Always delete spam emails immediately ad empty the trash box to prevent accidental clicking on the same link.
  11. Be wary of website that require your card details up font before you actually place an order. Not to believe everything you read online. Take your time- do not rush into things.
  12. Avoid posting your cell phone number online. Never respond to text messages from someone you don’t know use your cell phone.
  13. Open email attachment carefully, be careful while downloading any free software or screensaver etc. Not delete email in question, save the email and take out the full header of the email and report the crime. Be cautions when dealing with individuals outside of your own country. Be cautious of unsolicited offers. Never purchase anything advertised through an unsolicited email.
  14. Beware of promises to make fast profits. Be cautious of exaggerated claims of possible earnings or profits. Beware of lotteries that charge a fee prior to delivery of your prize. Contact the actual business that supposedly  sent the email to verify if the email is genuine .Beware of references given by the promoter.
  15. Ensure you understand all terms and conditions of any agreement. Be leery when the job posting claims “no experience necessary”. Always type in the website addresses yourself rather than clicking on a provided.

DON’T’s

  1. Your real name, home address your phone number your friends’ or family members’ private information. Your passwords.
  2. Don’t Expose yourself that you are not available in town or give your details about location and itinerary when email auto responder enabled. Hand over your credit card to any person.
  3. Auto-connect to open Wi-Fi (wireless fidelity) networks. Get confused, frightened or pressured into divulging information if you receive an e-mail purporting to be from your bank or credit card provider as criminal use scare tactics. Keep passwords stored on your computer.
  4. To go online without virus protection and a firewall in place. Open email attachment if you are not sure about it. Assume a company is legitimate based on “appearance’’ of the website. Be wary of investments that offer high returns at little or no risk.
  5. Do not Share details like Credit/Debit Card number, CVV&OTP to unknown people and unverified websites and tele-calling persons.
  6. Do not write PIN on your credit/Debit Card.
  7. Do not take help form unknown people while using ATM Card
  8. Try to avoid using ATM Without security guards
  9. Do not allow anyone to carry your ATM Card away from eyes.
  10. Do not share your personal information on Social Media site like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram etc.
  11. Don’t except friend request from unknown sources.
  12. Don’t install free wares from untrusted  websites.
  13. Don’t download pornographic material on your mobile phone and Laptop/Desktop.
  14. Do not post your family and personal pictures on social Media. And don’t make them public.
  15. Don’t’ get into trap of fake calls like winning lottery, blocked credit/Debit Card, Bonus on Investment/ Insurance policies, jobs etc.